LIBERHAN COMMISSION REPORT PDF

It indicted top Bharatiya Janata Party BJP leaders as being actively involved in the meticulous planning of the demolition of the mosque. It was a day of angry exchanges in parliament, and cries of "Shame, shame! Parliament delayed discussion of the report and the accompanying Action Taken Report ATR , which contained mostly recommendations, until 22 December There can be no greater betrayal or crime in a democracy and this Commission has no hesitation in condemning these pseudo-moderates for their sins of omission". Kalyan Singh lived up to the expectations of the Parivar". It also stated that the government had "systematically and in a pre-planned manner removed inconvenient bureaucrats from positions of power, dismantled and diluted the security apparatus and infrastructure, lied consistently to the high court and the Supreme Court of India and to the people of India to evade constitutional governance and thus betrayed the confidence of the electorate".

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It indicted top Bharatiya Janata Party BJP leaders as being actively involved in the meticulous planning of the demolition of the mosque. It was a day of angry exchanges in parliament, and cries of "Shame, shame! Parliament delayed discussion of the report and the accompanying Action Taken Report ATR , which contained mostly recommendations, until 22 December There can be no greater betrayal or crime in a democracy and this Commission has no hesitation in condemning these pseudo-moderates for their sins of omission".

Kalyan Singh lived up to the expectations of the Parivar". It also stated that the government had "systematically and in a pre-planned manner removed inconvenient bureaucrats from positions of power, dismantled and diluted the security apparatus and infrastructure, lied consistently to the high court and the Supreme Court of India and to the people of India to evade constitutional governance and thus betrayed the confidence of the electorate".

The theme was power. It attracted clusters of young men to support the hidden agenda. Leaders know how passions are aroused and how to prevent the same; they however always see what would be beneficial to them rather than what would be good for the nation. This is what happened in Ayodhya. Moreover, the commission noted at page , para Home Secretary Godbole stated that there was no information of planning and as such it could not be inferred that there was a conspiracy of the Congress and BJP for demolition.

Uma Bharti, Govindacharya , Kalyan Singh and Shanker Singh Vaghela , all of whom were members of the BJP then, are held primarily responsible for the destruction of the mosque and the report says that they could have prevented the assault. The report says that they gave false assurances to court, people and the nation.

Vajpayee, Prime Minister in the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance , was not present on 6 December when the mosque was brought down, but the report says it cannot be assumed that Vajpayee, Advani and others did not know of the designs of the Sangh Parivar.

The report submitted by Justice Liberhan has come under severe criticism for being biased and rhetorical in nature. It has been pointed out that, the report also noted in para No processions were taken out inside the disputed structure nor any grave dug there about. It was a peaceful place with a regular influx of visitors, pilgrims, sadhus and sants, monks, travellers, tourists. The BJP had initially decided to field Sushma Swaraj as the lead speaker in the Lower House, but she will now be the second speaker on the issue.

The performance of its star speakers in both Houses will be keenly watched by the RSS, say party sources. He charged the report with "factual hallucinations".

Recently the BJP has been raising the issue of rising prices of essential commodities. It is a motivated leak. The first motivation for leaking the report is the unity in opposition on the sugarcane price issue which the government wanted to break. This unity would have continued on price rise and other issues," Swaraj said.

The senior BJP leader further alleged that the government wanted to divert attention from the opposition from its plan of raising Madhu Koda and 2G Spectrum allocation scams in Parliament. BJP President Rajnath Singh accused the government of "selectively leaking" the Liberhan Commission report on Babri Masjid demolition to the media with the aim of "polarising" voters ahead of the assembly elections in Jharkhand.

A report of any commission is traditionally placed on the first day of the Parliament session. The government could have placed it in the House in July as the Liberhan Commission report was given to the government on 30 June," he told reporters.

There should be a constructive solution. Earlier, reacting to the report, former BJP leader Uma Bharti, who was in Ayodhya on the day of the demolition, said that the party should come clean over the issue.

I am not apologetic at all, I am willing to be hanged for my role. She also said that it was difficult to pinpoint people responsible for mosque demolition. The BJP termed the Justice M S Liberhan Commission as politically motivated and charged the Congress with providing the "cushion" for demolition of the controversial structure at Ayodhya. It accuses RSS of utilizing its large volunteer base to accomplish this task. The RSS has always maintained that the demolition was spontaneous.

The report suggests otherwise. The Sangh Parivar is a "highly successful and corporatised model of a political party" and as the Ayodhya campaign demonstrated, has developed a highly efficient organisational structure, the Liberhan Commission said in its report.

It said the BJP "was and remains an appendage of the RSS, which had the purpose only of providing an acceptable veneer to the less popular decisions and a facade for the brash members of the Sangh Parivar". The Commission,observed, "The blame or the credit for the entire temple construction movement at Ayodhya must necessarily be attributed to the Sangh Parivar". It noted that the Sangh Parivar is an "extensive and widespread organic body", which encompasses organisations, which address and assimilate just about every type of social, professional and other demographic grouping of individuals.

The leaders agreed to work together. They always maintained that demolition was unprecedented and top leaders had tried to hold back the Karsevaks. He goes on to say that in a meeting on the previous day,the RSS, VHP, BJP and Shiv Sena leaders there was "silent resoluteness and agreement that Ayodhya offered a unique opportunity to take the Hindutva wave to the peak for deriving political benefit.

The iron was hot and this was the time to hit. Advani had spat fire from the pulpit but he failed to control the flames. Taped videos substantiated that he was progenitor of the tsunami effect that he failed to control at the vital moment of destiny," says Dhar claiming to have made a videotape and 70 still photos. Without mentioning whether he was referring to the Kalyan Singh -led-BJP government in power in Uttar Pradesh or the Congress regime at Centre then, he said he was present at Ayodhya and wanted to construct the Ram Temple at an undisputed place but they could not do so as the government men demolished Babri Mosque on 6 December Because of the dilly-dallying attitude by the then Prime Minister and delay in court judgements, things went out of control as lakhs of people gathered at Ayodhya for kar seva," Sudarshan told a press conference.

Once the walls collapsed, the entire canopy of the Babri mosque caved in, he said. We mobilized people. People should respect the sentiment of crores of people. We are not going to apologise. Our agitation echoed the sentiment of the people at the time.

It was a spontaneous act of anger by people," Madhav added. But, the Hindu culture, which takes pride in its heritage and protects its places of worship, has been in place for ages and will remain so for ever," VHP leader Praveen Togadia said. And the demolition of Babri mosque was the proudest moment for Hindus," he said in a statement.

Togadia asserted the VHP was committed to building a great Ram temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya and was ready to make any sacrifice for achieving this. It is a socio-religious, cultural and legal right of the Hindus," the VHP secretary general said. The VHP says the commission failed to make any adverse comment on certain individuals despite observing in para It is noteworthy that no member of the Muslim community from Ayodhya was a member of the Babri Masjid Action Committee or other committee protesting the opening of locks at the disputed structure.

The RSS is the progenitor and leader of a large body of organisations called the Sangh Parivar, which have presence in all facets of the Indian society. RSS was founded on 27 September BJP is a right-wing party, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. Babri Masjid was a mosque in Ayodhya, India at a site believed by some Hindus to be the birthplace of Hindu deity Rama.

It has been a focus of dispute between the Hindu and Muslim communities since the 18th century. The mosque was attacked and demolished by Hindu Karsevaks in and ignited communal violence across the country. He is one of the co-founders and a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was the National Democratic Alliance prime ministerial candidate in the general elections. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh was an Indian right wing political party that existed from to and was the political arm of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh RSS , a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation.

In , it merged with several other left, centre and right parties opposed to the Indian National Congress and formed the Janata Party. The Sangh Parivar refers, as an umbrella term, to the collection of Hindu nationalist organisations spawned by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh RSS and remain affiliated to it. It is also often taken to include allied organisations such as the Shiv Sena, which share the ideology of the RSS.

The Sangh Parivar represents the Hindu nationalist movement of India. She became involved with the BJP at a young age, unsuccessfully contesting her first parliamentary elections in In , she successfully contested the Khajuraho seat, and retained it in elections conducted in , and In , she switched constituencies and won the Bhopal seat. Pravin Togadia is an Indian doctor, cancer surgeon and an advocate for Hindu nationalism.

Kalyan Singh is a former Governor of Rajasthan. He took additional charge of Himachal Pradesh replacing Urmila Singh, whose five-year term ended on 24 January Kalyan Singh is known for his role in the Babri Masjid demolition.

Addressing reporters in Etah, Kalyan Singh once said that he owns full responsibility for the demolition of the 16th-century mosque in Ayodhya on 6 December , thus reigniting the controversial Ram Janmabhoomi dispute.

He was replaced in the VHP in December following a long bout of diminishing physical health. Succeeded by Praveen Togadia, Singhal suffered ill-health but was working till a month before his death. The Ayodhya dispute is a political, historical, and socio-religious debate in India, centred on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. The issues revolve around the control of a site traditionally regarded among Hindus to be the birthplace of their deity Rama, the history and location of the Babri Masjid at the site, and whether a previous Hindu temple was demolished or modified to create a mosque.

Sadhvi Rithambara is a Hindu nationalist militant ideologue and the founder-chairwoman of Durga Vahini. She is primarily noted for delivering hate speeches against Muslims, leading to widespread communal riots and the demolition of Babri Masjid.

For 17 years he headed the Liberhan Ayodhya Commission of Inquiry, which prepared a report on the Babri Mosque demolition, according to it, the events of 6 December , in Ayodhya were "neither spontaneous nor unplanned". The demolition of the Babri Masjid on 6 December was done illegally by a large group of Hindu activists of the Vishva Hindu Parishad and allied organisations. The 16th-century Babri Mosque in the city of Ayodhya, in Uttar Pradesh was targeted after a political rally organised by Hindu nationalist organisations turned violent.

Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas is an organisation formed as a trust to promote and oversee the construction of a temple in Ayodhya, India at the Ram Janmabhoomi, the reputed site of the birth of Rama, the seventh and one of the most popular Avatars of Hindu God Vishnu. The Nyas was formed by members of the Vishva Hindu Parishad.

Ram ke Naam is a documentary by Indian filmmaker Anand Patwardhan. The film explores the campaign waged by the right wing Hindu-extremist organisation Vishva Hindu Parishad to build a Ram temple at the site of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, as well as the communal violence that it triggered. The film earned Patwardhan a wide recognition, and received several national and international awards.

The civilians were religious volunteers, or kar sevaks, assembled near the Ram Janmabhoomi site at Ayodhya. References "Ayodhya attack report submitted".

ARUTUNIAN TRUMPET CONCERTO TRUMPET PART PDF

LIBERHAN AYODHYA COMMISSION

What is the Liberhan Commission? M S Liberhan, then a sitting judge of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, was assigned the task of probing the sequence of events that led to the occurrences at the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid complex on December 6, , resulting in the destruction of the structure. In a notification issued, the then Union Home Secretary, Madhav Godbole had said that the Commission would submit its report to the Central government "as soon as possible but not later than three months". But with 48 extensions, the Liberhan panel became the longest Commission of Inquiry in the history of Independent India. The last extension was in March this year for three months.

KULACHUDAMANI TANTRA PDF

Liberhan Commission Report

It indicted top Bharatiya Janata Party BJP leaders as being actively involved in the meticulous planning of the demolition of the mosque. It was a day of angry exchanges in parliament, and cries of "Shame, shame! Parliament delayed discussion of the report and the accompanying Action Taken Report ATR , which contained mostly recommendations, until 22 December There can be no greater betrayal or crime in a democracy and this Commission has no hesitation in condemning these pseudo-moderates for their sins of omission".

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