Doch die vollkommen gleichgeschaltete Volksgemeinschaft blieb ein Traum der Nazis. Doch wer waren sie? Doch diese Argumentation ist problematisch und behindert eine erfolgreiche Mobilisierung gegen die Nazis. Zugleich ist sie wenig hilfreich bei der Analyse, wie es zum Aufstieg Hitlers kommen konnte. Ihr bestes Ergebnis erzielte sie im Juli mit 37,4 Prozent. Noch bei den Reichstagswahlen kam sie auf lediglich 2,8 Prozent der Stimmen.
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He grew up in nearby Newton. Erich is a Holocaust survivor who, with his family, was interned in a Jewish ghetto in Czernowitz present-day Ukraine. Goldhagen wanted to investigate who the German men and women who killed the Jews were, and their reasons for killing.
His work synthesizes four historical elements, kept distinct for analysis; as presented in the books A Moral Reckoning: the Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and its Unfulfilled Duty of Repair and Worse Than War : i description what happens , ii explanation why it happens , iii moral evaluation judgment , and iv prescription what is to be done?
Goldhagen argued that this form of antisemitism was widespread in Germany, that it was unique to Germany, and that because of it, ordinary Germans willingly killed Jews. Goldhagen asserted that this mentality grew out of medieval attitudes with a religious basis, but was eventually secularized. Scholars such as Yehuda Bauer, Otto Kulka, Israel Gutman, among others, asserted long before Goldhagen, the primacy of ideology, radical anti-Semitism, and the corollary of an inimitability exclusive to Germany.
Several historians characterized its reception as an extension of the Historikerstreit , the German historiographical debate of the s that sought to explain Nazi history.
Certainly, there was what he calls eliminationist anti-Semitism and its impact increased as the century matured But anti-Semitism came in different forms, and Goldhagen puts all anti-Semitism in the same basket, including the liberal type that wanted to see the Jews disappear by assimilation and conversion The vast majority of German anti-Semitics did not wish to abolish formal Jewish emancipation. Goldhagen makes much of the radical anti-Semitism of the Conservative Party in Germany; but in , it obtained less than 10 percent of the votes, whereas the National Liberals, among whom there were a number of former Jews, were much more numerous.
By , the Social Democrats, with an explicitly anti-anti-Semitic program, were the largest party in the German Reichstag, and the Progressives ran very strongly as well Formally, at least, the Jews had been fully emancipated with the establishment of the German Empire, although they were kept out of certain influential occupations, enjoyed extraordinary prosperity Germans intermarried with Jews: In the s, some 50, Jews were living in mixed German-Jewish marriages, so at least 50, Germans, and presumably parts of their families, had familial contact with the Jews.
Goldhagen himself mentions that a large proportion of the Jewish upper classes in Germany converted to Christianity in the nineteenth century. In a society where eliminationist norms were universal, and in which Jews were rejected even after they had converted, or so he argues, the rise of this extreme form of assimilation of Jews would hardly have been possible.
In the book, Goldhagen acknowledges that individual bishops and priests hid and saved a large number of Jews,  but also asserts that others promoted or accepted antisemitism before  and during the war,  and some played a direct role in the persecution of Jews in Europe during the Holocaust.
He worked on the book intermittently for a decade, interviewing atrocity perpetrators and victims in Rwanda, Guatemala, Cambodia, Kenya, and the USSR, and politicians, government officers, and private humanitarian organization officers.
Goldhagen states that his aim is to help "craft institutions and politics that will save countless lives and also lift the lethal threat under which so many people live". Knopf, New York,.
Falschheitsgehaltes zitieren, um dann die Debatte in Deutschland zu rekonstruieren. Am Goldhagen, Hitlers willige Vollstrecker, S. Sein Hauptaugenmerk ist dem einzelnen handelnden Individuum gewidmet. Goldhagen setzt u. Goldhagen weist dabei nach, dass Antisemitismus wichtigstes Bindemittel der deutschen Nationwerdung war. Schriften von Martin Luther oder Heinrich von Treitschke et al.
Hitlers willige Vollstrecker?
„Hitlers willige Vollstrecker“ und die Goldhagen-Debatte in Deutschland