Kazrat Taba lists them as facts, basic ideas and principles, and concepts. She discussed how children should learn how to relate to one another through democratic relationships. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Under the Taba Model teachers are expected to begin each curriculum by creating specific teaching-learning units and building to a general design. Substance Abuse and Addictive Behaviors.
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Immediate to remote Easy to difficult In other words, it should follow inductive logical arrangement of the content and a psychological sequence.
There should be connection between ideas, facts and relationships. Step 5 and 6: Selecting and Organizing learning Experiences With the content in hand, it is easy to plan for learning experiences or activities.
Care must be taken to include a variety of learning —reading, writing, observing, doing research, analysing, discussing, tabulating, painting and absorption. The learning experiences are expected to be: Introduction, Opener, Orientation- Generally, viewing at learning experiences, at least 3 main stages should be involved.
These include the following activities: Provide diagnostic evidence for the teacher Help the students make a connection with their own experience Arouse interest Create involvement and motivation By following the above approach, learning experience can be selected and organized to facilitate learning. While teaching, any unit, students can be involved actively and help them to make a connection to their personal experiences, connect to the community or share the experience of their parents.
Thus the teacher plans learning experiences by allocating tasks which are useful for the students and discuss the method by which to do. Development, Analysis, Study- Here the teacher plans learning experiences by developing various dimensions of the subject, for instance, reading, researching, then analysing the data, studying various kinds and finding the answers to their questions planned for their study.
Generalization- After developing the skills of analysis and study, students will be able to generalize by putting together all the ideas and reformulate them in their own way.
Applications, Summary, Culmination- Finally, the activities are designed to apply what has been learnt, to asses and evaluate and set into a larger framework. Rhythm of learning activities- In some of the curriculum patterns, some or the other mental activity is defectively developed that creates problems in intake period, assimilation without integration, inhibits new learning and burdens memory.
A balanced curriculum is one where learning is balanced, which offers opportunities for mastery of knowledge and helps in internalization. It requires disciplined knowledge, analysis and reflection.
Thus, the rhythm of building feelings and meanings is also important. Step 7: Evaluating Evaluation is determining the objectives, diagnosis or establishment of baseline for learning and appraising progress and changes, there are varied approaches and methods of evaluation to know the progress of the child.
Mostly, evaluation is in a way continuous diagnosis along with the comparison of results. Even several informal devices can also be used to evaluate the outcomes of the unit and curriculum on the whole. Finally, whether the objectives of the curriculum are achieved needs to be evaluated. Step 8: Checking for Balance and Sequence After completing unit by unit and the whole curriculum, it is necessary to check the overall consistency among its parts or individual aspects. Every aspect needs to be checked-whether the core ideas are reflected in the content, whether the suitable learning experiences are planned for the content and whether the overall achievement of objectives is planned for the overall progress of the topic.
Thus these are the basic steps necessary while designing a unit or the whole curriculum related to a subject or discipline, etc. Summing up The Curriculum Development CD process encompasses the design and development of integrated plans for learning, the design of implementation of the plans, and of the evaluation of the plans, their implementation and the outcomes of the learning experience.
The fundamental purpose of curriculum development is to ensure that students receive integrated, coherent learning experiences that contribute towards their personal, academic and professional learning and development.
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